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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1992 ; Volume 13 N...

By: Alex Wodak

Medical Reference Publication

Once considered a scourge of only the industrialized countries, drugs are now recognized as having severe effects not only on health but also on the social and economic fabric of many developing countries. During recent decades, alcohol consumption has been declining in most Western countries but increasing rapidly in many developing countries where there has been a concomitant rise in alcohol-related problems. The realization that the spread of HIV infection is being ac...

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World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallp...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

A statement on a criterion for smallpox eradication was prepared by the Secretariat a f t e r taking into consideration opinions expressed a t the African Smallpox Conference in 1959 and the Inter-Regional Smallpox Conference held in New Delhi i n 1960, and after detailed discussions with the Secretariat of the American Regional Office.

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1986; Volume 64, Numbe...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The Environmental Health Criteria (EHC) documents produced by the International Programme on Chemical Safety include an assessment of the effects on the environment and on human health of exposure to a chemical or combination of chemicals, or physical or biological agents. They also provide guidelines for setting exposure limits.

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Whereas in many countries of the world, particularly in Europe and North America, the number of foodborne disease cases due to Salmonella infections have increased substantially over the last decade there are some countries which were excluded from this evolution or where this increase was remarkably lower for one reason or another. One of these countries is Sweden. Available epidemiological information showed that Swedish consumers have access to food from cattle, swine...

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; World Health Organization,...

By: C. J. Forshaw

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction This brochure provides a selected list of some of WHO'S principal ' documents and publications dealing with essential drugs and medicines policy. Annotated, to help direct readers to the most relevant publications in their areas of interest, the list is in 11 sections, which range from drug selection and use, to evaluation, financing, research and traditional medicine. It provides a useful entry point to the extensive literature available from WHO on the cri...

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World Health Organization : Year 1995 ; C.L.7.1995 - in Spanish: W...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

El Director General de la Organizaci6n Mundial de la Salud presenta sus ... respetos a 10s gobiernos de 10s Estados Miembros y tiene el honor de transmitir el informe1 de la tercera reunidn del Grupo Consultivo Mundial. sobre Enfermeria y Farceria, celebrada en Ginebra del 28 a1 30 de noviembre de 1994. El Director General desea sefialar a la atenci6n algunos de 10s sectores resaltados en el informe en que sigue urgiendo una acci6n sostenida: la necesidad de seguir hacie...

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World Health Organization : Year 2001 ; Onusida, No. 01.68S - in S...

By: Jimmy Dorabjee

Medical Reference Publication

C on la apaticiEn clel VlHISlDA en los aiios ochenta, el problema clel consumo de drogas en Asia entr6 en una fase ntteva \I niis txlierosa. El virus ciel , 1 SIDA. aden~isd e transmitirse uor otras via;, se hace a tsa\s del uso cornpartido de agitjas, jeringas y otros adminiculos contaminahos que suelen utilizar las personas que consunien drogas. Siendo m ~n~uniyero sos 10s paises asiiticos que tienen gra\,es problernas con el consun~od e drogas, al resultal-o t~rosta ...

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World Health Organization : Environmental Health Criteria : Volume...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Diarrhoea and other infections impair the growth of preschool children throughout the developing world. (1–6) With adequate energy intake and improved environmental conditions, children can demonstrate catch-up growth (7–9). If these factors are not corrected, however, children may not recover completely from acute growth deficits and may remain stunted (10, 11).

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World Health Organization : Development of Health Services, Smallp...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. The aim of this exercise is - (a) To stress the importance of surveillance activity in achieving the goal of smallpox eradication. (b) To emphasize the need for a regular reporting system and for prompt and thorough investigation and containment of each and every outbreak detected. (c) To discuss the methodology of active surveillance so as to determine the smallpox free status or otherwise of an area or locality. 2. Conduct of the exercise - The exercise consists of ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86, Parasitic Diseases Progr...

By: W. Kociecka

Medical Reference Publication

General pathogenesis The pathogenesis of giardiasis is complex and conditioned by several co-existing factors. The basic factor initiating the pathogenic effect involves the mechanical attachment of the a ventral disc of the Giardia trophozoite to the microvillous border of the enterocyte. This is well documented for the mouse model (Erlandsen & Chase, 1974; Erlandsen 6 Feely, 1984), but is not frequently seen in human biopsy specimens. Observations (Barbieri s,1970; Po ...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92415453...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Triturate a quantity of the powdered tablets equivalent to about 0.1 g of Allopurinol with 10 ml of sodium hydroxide (0.1 mol/l) VS. Filter, acidify the filtrate with acetic acid (~60 g/l) TS, and allow to stand for 10–15 minutes. Separate the precipitate, wash it with 3 ml of dehydrated ethanol R and 4ml of ether R. Allow to dry in air for 15 minutes, then dry at 105 °C for 3 hours. Keep half of the residue for test C. Carry out the examination with the residue as descr...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1981; Volume 59, Numbe...

By: P. Rawlings

Medical Reference Publication

Hamsters and mLcc are frequently u s 4 for the primary screening of potential ant~lcishmanial compounds: however, the results obtained wlth thesc animals are difficult to extrapolate to humans. Compound(s) that arc active in rodents therefore need to be screened also in higher animals, sucll as dogs, cats and nonhuman primates. Monkeys.

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1998, A61342: Ngo Per...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION This document is based on reports supplied at the request of UNAIDS from 13 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The countries are Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela. The purpose of the review was twofold: (i) to take stock of existing NGO activities and collaboration aimed at improving access to HIV-related drugs and (ii) to facilitate networking an...

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World Health Organization : Year 1996 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

PREFACE For a long time the need for a comprehensive operational manual for cost-effective and safe use of insecticides, in public health, for control of vectors of the disease was felt by the specialist involved in vector control activities. In accordance with the frequent request received from several member states and the regional offices, the former Division of Vector Biology and Control of the World Health Organization decided to prepare this manual which covers all...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1971; Volume 44; Volum...

By: P. A. Petrisceva

Medical Reference Publication

Recommendations from the 3. WHO, in collaboration with ICH, should establish mechanisms to integrate ICH products into WHO ICDRA reinforce the mission of regional educational and training activities on regulatory authorities Over 150 government regulatory officials and experts, representing more than 90 countries, were united recently at the Eighth International Conference of Drug Regulatory Authorities (ICDRA) which took place in Manama, Bahrain. The Conference was co-s...

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World Health Organization : World Health Forum, 1987 ; Volume 8 No...

By: F. Marc Laforce, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Antigens currently in use Poliomyelitis Most countries continue to base control on oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV), which has eliminated wild poliovirus from large areas of the world. Outstanding results in Brazil have served as a strong impetus for a poliomyelitis elimination programme in the Americas. A major reason for the success of OPV is that multiplication of the vaccine virus in the intestines leads to its dissemination beyond the immunized individual. This prob...

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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern...

By: D. Sudic, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Secondary prevention ofcancer (screening) involves the use of tests to detect a cancer before the appearance of signs or symptoms. Before starting such a programme, the available evidence should be analysed to estimale the effectiveness of the proposed activities. Essential requirements are an underrlanding of the natural history of the particular cancer, availubilify of a test that can detect it, effective rreatment for it, good evidence that early deleclion reduces the...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: V. Nagaswami

Medical Reference Publication

FOREWORD The rehabilitation of people with disabilities needs an intersectoral and interdisciplinary approach. The publication of this guide is the result of collaboration between the Mental Disorders Control Unit (Division of Mental Health and Prevention of Substance Abuse) and the Rehabilitation Unit (Division of Health Promotion, Education and Communication). This collaboration was requested in an attempt to apply what has been learned from the experience of community...

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World Health Organization : Year 1995 ; Dap Mac (7) 95.7: Action P...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Explanatory Note At the sixth Management Advisory Committee (MAC 6) meeting in March 1994, proposals were put forward for detailed consideration at the following meeting (MAC 7). The issues surrounding collaboration and coordination in the development of national drug policies (NDP) are not, of and in themselves, novel. However, because of economic circumstances and increasing donor interest in supporting pharmaceuticals, the impact of cooperation on the success of NDP d...

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World Health Organization : Year 1995 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

AHRTAG would like to thank Erica Royston (now retired) and Carla AbouZahr of WHO'S Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme for supporting the initial idea of this directoly, and DI MA Belsey, Chief, WHO Maternal and Child Health Programme for his support. Thanks also go to WHO's partners in the Safe Motherhood Initiative - UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, World Bank, International Planned Parenthood Federation and Population Council - for their co+peration.

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