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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 894: Obes...

By: Who Consultation on Obesity

Medical Reference Publication

The WHO Consultation on Obesity met in Geneva from 3 to 5 June 1997. Dr F.S. Antezana, Deputy-Director General ad interim, opened the meeting on behalf of the Director-General. This consultation was the culmination of a two-year preparatory process, involving more than 100 experts worldwide, undertaken in close collaboration with the Rowett Research Institute (a WHO collaborating centre for nutrition) in Aberdeen, Scotland, and the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF)...

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World Health Organization : Year 1998 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Executive summary An expert consultation on Obesity was convened by WHO in Geneva from 3 to 5 June 1997 with the aim of reviewing current epidemiological information on obesity, and drawing up recommendations for developing public health policies and programmes for improving the prevention and management of obesity which is emerging as a global public health problem. i he specific objectives of the Consultation were: 1. To review global prevalence and trends of obesity a...

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Obesity, Or, Exessive Corpulence : The Various Causes and the Rati...

By: Dancel, François, B. 1804; Barrett, M. (Michael)

Riley, James Whitcomb, 1849-1916

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Origins of Obesity

By: M. Nathaniel Mead

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Fifty-nine million Americans are considered obese, and 300,000 die each year from related causes, making this disorder the second-leading U.S. cause of death after smoking. The ever-expanding reach of obesity is leading some scientists to look beyond traditional explanations that implicate genes, diet, and physical activity. At a 20 February 2004 symposium titled Obesity: Developmental Origins and Environmental Influences, cosponsored by the NIEHS and the Duke U...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92415458...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The term algae refers to microscopically small, unicellular organisms, some of which form colonies and thus reach sizes visible to the naked eye as minute green particles. These organisms are usually finely dispersed throughout the water and may cause considerable turbidity if they attain high densities. Cyanobacteria are organisms with some characteristics of bacteria and some of algae. They are similar to algae in size and, unlike other bacteria, they contain blue-gree...

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Nutrition and the Health of Young People

By: Department of Health and Human Services

Program Example Washington’s Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity Prevention Program addresses the obesity and overweight problem on multiple levels: individual, interpersonal, institutional and organizational, community, and public policy. Washington began its initiative by empowering a community to decide how it wanted to make its environment healthier. To develop policy and environmental efforts that promote nutrition and physical activity, the Washington Departm...

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United States Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Series

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: SUMMARY: EPA is proposing a test rule under section 4(a)(1)(B) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) to require manufacturers (including importers) and processors of certain high production volume (HPV) chemical substances to conduct testing for acute toxicity; repeat dose toxicity; developmental and reproductive toxicity; genetic toxicity (gene mutations and chromosomal aberrations); ecotoxicity (in fish, Daphnia, and algae) and environmental fate (includi...

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Obesity and the Environment

By: Environmental Protection Agency

Excerpt: Obesity increases the rate of disease, disability, and health care expenditures, while decreasing productivity and quality of life. For example, obesity is linked to the dramatic increase in type-2 diabetes and in psychosocial disorders now being seen among children. Other morbidities associated with obesity include: asthma, cancer, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis, and kidney disease. Obesity-associated health care costs account for approximately 7% of national expenditures.

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Body Mass Index Table

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Source; Adapted from Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults: The Evidence Report.

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A Wave of Momentum for Toxic Algae Study

By: Carla Burgess

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: As blooms of blue-green algae proliferate in U.S. lakes and rivers, deadly liver and nerve toxins produced by these cyanobacteria loom large on the radar of officials charged with ensuring safe drinking water. Water utility managers commonly treat affected waters to correct taste and odor problems associated with the algae, but scientists are worried about traces of toxins that slip through water treatment processes and their long-term health effects in humans, ...

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Obesity and the Built Environment Worksites, Employers Ad Employees

By: David Chenoweth, Ph. D.

Excerpt: Burden of Obesity Obesity, defined as Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30.0, is a serious health problem in the United States. Approximately 97 million adults are obese (BMI 30+) or overweight (BMI 25.0 –29.9).1 According to the National Center of Health Statistics, the incidence of obesity in U.S. adults has increased from 19.4% in 1997 to 24% in 2003.2 Moreover, in the last 20 years, obesity rates have increased by more than 60 percent in adults ...

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Reducing Weight Comfortably; The Dietetic Treatment of Obesity

By: Gaertner, Gustav, 1855

Translation of La pellagre ; English bibliography: p. [351]-368 ; Foreign bibliography: p. [369]-381

Pellagra

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2003 ; Issue 92415458...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

In coastal and estuarine waters, algae range from single-celled forms to the seaweeds. Cyanobacteria are organisms with some characteristics of bacteria and some of algae. They are similar in size to the unicellular algae and, unlike other bacteria, contain blue-green or green pigments and are able to perform photosynthesis; thus, they are also termed blue-green algae. Algal blooms in the sea have occurred throughout recorded history but have been increasing during recen...

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Summary Report : Obesity and the Build Environment : Improving Pub...

By: Charle A. League; Allen Dearry, Ph. D.

NIEHS is one of the 27 Institutes and Centers of the National Institutes of Health whose mission is to reduce the burden of environmentally-associated diseases and dysfunctions by defining: How environmental agents affect our health; How individuals differ in their susceptibility to these agents -- How these susceptibilities change over time. The NIEHS achieves its mission through: Multidisciplinary biomedical research programs; Prevention and intervention efforts -- Com...

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Nih Obesity Research Initiatives Examples

By: J. Flier

Excerpt: Environmental Approches to the provention of Obesity

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Assessing Potential Health Risks from Microcystin Toxins in Bluegr...

By: Duncan J. Gilroy

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The presence of toxic cyanobacteria (blue?green algae) in surface waters used for drinking water sources and recreation is receiving increasing attention worldwide as a potential health concern (1?5). Human illness resulting from exposure to blue?green algal toxins, though less common than poisonings of wild and domestic animals (6?9), has been reported (1,2,10?12). In 1996, 55 hemodialysis patients died in Brazil when the dialysis water became contaminated with...

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Preventing Chronic Disease Journal : October 2007 ; Volume 4, Issu...

By: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Description: Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD) is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion to address the interface between applied public health research, practice, and policy. Articles focus on preventing and controlling chronic diseases and conditions, promoting health, and examining the biological, behavioral, physical, and social determinants of health and their impact on quality of life...

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Preventing Chronic Disease Journal : July 2011 ; Volume 8, Issue 4...

By: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Description: Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD) is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion to address the interface between applied public health research, practice, and policy. Articles focus on preventing and controlling chronic diseases and conditions, promoting health, and examining the biological, behavioral, physical, and social determinants of health and their impact on quality of life...

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Food Review : January 2003: Weighing In on Obesity

By: Rosanna Mentzer Morrison

Description: This issue of FoodReview finds ERS researchers ""weighing in"" on a critical public health issue—the growing epidemic of Americans who are overweight and obese. The lead article takes a look at the American diet—typically too high in added sugars, refined grains, fats, and calories. Other articles examine the relationship between caloric intake and obesity, individuals' misperceptions about their weight status, the link between fruit consumption and body wei...

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On Liberty

By: Mill, John Stuart, 1806-1873
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