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Law and Economics (6,636 Books)


The economic analysis of law (also known as law and economics) is an analysis of law applying methods of economics. Economic concepts are used to explain the effects of laws, to assess which legal rules are economically efficient, and to predict which legal rules will be promulgated.

 
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European Extra-tropical Storm Damage Risk from a Multi-model Ensem...

By: M. R. Haylock

Description: PartnerRe, Bellerivestrasse 36, 8034 Zurich, Switzerland. Uncertainty in the return levels of insured loss from European wind storms was quantified using storms derived from twenty-two 25 km regional climate model runs driven by either the ERA40 reanalyses or one of four coupled atmosphere-ocean global climate models. Storms were identified using a model-dependent storm severity index based on daily maximum 10 m wind speed. The wind speed from each mode...

Wieringa, J.: Gust factors over open water and built-up country, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 3, 424–441, doi:10.1007/BF01034986, 1973.; Wieringa, J.: An objective exposure correction method for average wind speeds measured at a sheltered location, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 102, 241–253, doi:10.1002/qj.49710243119, 1976.; de Rooy, W. C. and Kok, K.: A combined physical-statisti...

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Assessing the Hydrodynamic Boundary Conditions for Risk Analyses i...

By: C. Mudersbach; J. Jensen; T. Wahl

Description: Research Institute for Water and Environment, University of Siegen, Germany. This paper presents an advanced approach to statistically analyse storm surge events. In former studies the highest water level during a storm surge event usually was the only parameter that was used for the statistical assessment. This is not always sufficient, especially when statistically analysing storm surge scenarios for event-based risk analyses. Here, Archimedean Copula...

Berg, D. and Aas, K.: Models for construction of multivariate dependence: A comparison study, Europ. J. Finance, 15, 639–659, 2007.; Berg, D. and Quessy, J.-F.: Local sensitivity analyses of goodness-of-fit tests for copulas, Scand. J. Statist., 36, 389–412, 2009.; Berg, G.: Copula goodness-of-fit testing: an overview and power comparison. Europ. J. Finance, 15, 675–701, 2009.; Coles, S. G. and Tawn, J. A.: Statistical methods for multivariate extremes: An application to...

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Extreme Storm Surges: a Comparative Study of Frequency Analysis Ap...

By: C.-m. Duluc; V. Rebour; L. Bardet; Y. Hamdi

Description: Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety, BP17, 92 262 Fontenay aux Roses CEDEX, France. In France, nuclear facilities were designed around very low probabilities of failure. Nevertheless, some extreme climatic events have given rise to exceptional observed surges (outliers) much larger than other observations, and have clearly illustrated the potential to underestimate the extreme water levels calculated with the current statistical meth...

Mann, H. B.: Nonparametric tests against trend, Econometrica, 3, 245–259, 1945.; Alam, M. J. B. and Matin, A.: Study of plotting position formulae for Surma basin in Bangladesh, Journal of Civil Engineering (IEB), 33, 9–17, 2005.; An, Y. and Pandey, M. D.: The r-Largest Order Statistics Model for Extreme Wind Speed Estimation, J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerod., 95, 165–182, 2007.; ASCE Hydrology Committee: Hydrology handbook: manuals of engineering practice #28, ASCE, New York, 1...

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A Review of Wave Climate and Prediction Along the Spanish Mediterr...

By: R. Bolaños; A. Sánchez-arcilla; D. González-marco

Description: Laboratori d'Enginyeria Marítima (LIM/UPC), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. This paper reviews the characterization of wave storms along the Spanish/Catalan Mediterranean coast. It considers the physical and statistical description of wave parameters and how they are affected by the prevailing meteo patterns and the sharp gradients in orography and bathymetry. The available field data and numerically simulated wave fields are dis...

Battjes, J. A. and Janssen, J. P. F. M.: Energy loss and set-up due to breaking of random waves, Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Coastal Engineering, Hamburg, 569–587, ASCE, New Cork, 1978.; Bolaños, R. and Sáchez-Arcilla, A.: A Note on Nearshore Wave Features. Implications for Wave Generation, Prog. Oceanogr., 70, 168–180, 2006.; Bolaños, R., Jorda, G., Cateura, J., Lopez, J., Puigdefabregas, J., Gómez, J., and Espino, M.: The XIOM: 20 years of a regional coastal observatory in t...

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Extreme Storm Surges: a Comparative Study of Frequency Analysis Ap...

By: Y. Hamdi; L. Bardet; V. Rebour; C.-m. Duluc

Description: Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety, BP17, 92 262 Fontenay aux Roses Cedex, France. In France, nuclear facilities were designed to very low probabilities of failure. Nevertheless, exceptional climatic events have given rise to surges much larger than observations (outliers) and had clearly illustrated the potential to underestimate the extreme water levels calculated with the current statistical methods. The objective of the pr...

Alam, M. J. B. and Matin, A.: Study of plotting position formulae for Surma basin in Bangladesh, J. Civ. Eng., 33, 9–17, 2005.; An, Y. and Pandey, M. D.: The r-Largest Order Statistics Model for Extreme Wind Speed Estimation, J. Wind. Eng. Ind. Aerod., 95, 165–182, 2007.; ASCE Hydrology Committee: Hydrology handbook: manuals of engineering practice #28, ASCE, New York, 1949.; Ashkar, F. and Ouarda, T. B. M. J.: On some methods of fitting the generalized Pareto dis...

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Estimation of Flood Design Hydrographs Using Bivariate Analysis (C...

By: G. T. Aronica; G. Brigandí; A. Candela

Description: University of Palermo, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale, Aerospaziale e dei Materiali, Palermo, Italy. In this paper a procedure to derive Flood Design Hydrographs (FDH) using a bivariate representation of rainfall forcing (rainfall duration and intensity) using copulas, which describe and model the correlation between these two variables independently of the marginal laws involved, coupled with a distributed rainfall-runoff mode...

Bacchi, B., Becciu, G., and Kottegoda, N. T.: Bivariate exponential model applied to intensities and duration of extreme rainfall, J. Hydrol., 155, 225–236, 1994.; Aronica, G. T. and Candela, A. Derivation of flood frequency curves in poorly gauged Mediterranean catchments using a simple stochastic hydrological rainfall-runoff model, J. Hydrol., 347, 132–142, 2007.; Aronica, G. T., Candela, A., Fabio, P., and Santoro, M.: Estimation of flood inundation probabilities usin...

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Estimating Return Levels from Maxima of Non-stationary Random Sequ...

By: A. Guillou; P. Naveau; P. Ribereau

Description: Université Montpellier 2, Equipe Proba-Stat, CC 051, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France. Since the pioneering work of Landwehr et al. (1979), Hosking et al. (1985) and their collaborators, the Probability Weighted Moments (PWM) method has been very popular, simple and efficient to estimate the parameters of the Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution when modeling the distribution of maxima (e.g., annual maxima of precipitation...

Beirlant, J., Goegebeur, Y., Segers, J., and Teugels, J.: Statistics of Extremes: Theory and Applications, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics, 2004.; Azais, J. M. and Bardet, J. M.: Le modèle linéaire par l'exemple, régression, analyse de la variance et plans d'expériences illustrés avec R, SAS et Splus, Dunod, 2005.; Coles, S. G.: An introduction to statistical modeling of extreme values, Springer, 2001.; Coles, S. G. and Dixon, M. J.: Likelihood-based inference...

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Comprehensive Analysis of Tornado Statistics in Comparison to Eart...

By: P. Névir; L. Schielicke

Description: Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Meteorologie, Carl-Heinrich-Becker-Weg 6–10, 12165 Berlin, Germany. Tornadoes and earthquakes are characterised by a high variability in their properties concerning intensity, geometric properties and temporal behaviour. Earthquakes are known for power-law behaviour in their intensity (Gutenberg–Richter law) and temporal statistics (e.g. Omori law and interevent waiting times). The observed similarity of high variab...

Davis, P. M., Jackson, D. D., and Kagan, Y. Y.: The longer it has been since the last earthquake, the longer the expected time till the next?, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 79, 1439–1456, 1989.; Doswell III, C. A., Edwards, R., Thompson, R. L., Hart, J. A., and Crosbie, K. C.: A simple and flexible method for ranking severe weather events, Weather Forecast., 21, 939–951, 2006.; Doswell III, C. A., Brooks, H. E., and Dotzek, N.: On the implementation of the enhanced Fujita scale...

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The Social Psychology of Seismic Hazard Adjustment: Re-evaluating ...

By: C. Solberg; T. Rossetto; H. Joffe

Description: Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK. The majority of people at risk from earthquakes do little or nothing to reduce their vulnerability. Over the past 40 years social scientists have tried to predict and explain levels of seismic hazard adjustment using models from behavioural sciences such as psychology. The present paper is the first to synthesise the major findings from the intern...

Bandura, A.: Exercise of human agency through collective efficacy, Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci., 9(3), 75–79, 2000.; Anbarci, N., Escaleras, M., and Register, C. A.: Earthquake fatalities: the interaction of nature and political economy, J. Public Econ., 89(9–10), 1907–1933, 2004.; Armas, I.: Earthquake risk perception in Bucharest, Romania, Risk Anal., 26(5), 1223–1234, 2006.; Armas, I.: Social vulnerability and seismic risk perception. Case study: the historic center of th...

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New Englander and Yale Review : Volume 0023, Issue 86 January 1864...

By: W. L. Kingsley

Description:The Yale Review is the self-proclaimed oldest literary quarterly in the United States. It is published by Yale University.

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New Englander and Yale Review : Volume 0031, Issue 120 July 1872: ...

By: W. L. Kingsley

Description:The Yale Review is the self-proclaimed oldest literary quarterly in the United States. It is published by Yale University.

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New Englander and Yale Review : Volume 0033, Issue 126 January 187...

By: W. L. Kingsley

Description:The Yale Review is the self-proclaimed oldest literary quarterly in the United States. It is published by Yale University.

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Putnam's Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art ...

By: G. P. Putnam & Co.

Description:Putnam’s Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art was a monthly periodical published by G. P. Putnam's Sons featuring American literature and articles on science, art, and politics.

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The Manufacturer and Builder : Volume 0019, Issue 11 November 1887...

By: Western and Company

Description: The Manufacturer and Builder was a practical journal of industrial progress published monthly in the 19th century by Western and Company.

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The North American Review : Volume 0086, Issue 179 April 1858: Nor...

By: University of Northern Iowa

Description:The North American Review is a is a journal of literature and culture, published starting in the 19th century.

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The United States Democratic Review : Volume 0028, Issue 156 June ...

By: J. and H. G. Langley

Description:The United States Magazine and Democratic Review was also (perhaps even primarily) a literary magazine, promoting the development of American literature

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How Small is a Small Cloud? : Volume 8, Issue 14 (21/07/2008)

By: L. Oreopoulos; G. Feingold; O. Altaratz; L. A. Remer; I. Koren

Description: Department of Environmental Sciences Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel. The interplay between clouds and aerosols and their contribution to the radiation budget is one of the largest uncertainties of climate change. Most work to date has separated cloudy and cloud-free areas in order to evaluate the individual radiative forcing of aerosols, clouds, and aerosol effects on clouds.

Here we examine the size distribution and the optical p...

Cahalan, R. F. and Joseph, J. H.: Fractal Statistics of Cloud Fields, Mon. Weather Rev., 117, 261–272, 1989.; Feingold, G., Jiang, H., and Harrington, J. Y.: On smoke suppression of clouds in Amazonia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, 2, L02804, doi:10.1029/2004GL021369, 2005.; Charlson, R. J., Ackerman, A. S., Bender, F. A.-M., Anderson, T. L., and Liu, Z.: On the climate forcing consequences of the albedo continuum between cloudy and clear air, Tellus, 59B, 715–727, doi:10.111...

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