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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; Communicable Diseases and Emerging Infectious Diseases ; Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response Edc, No. 99.3: Guidelines for Sexually Transmitted Infections Surveillance

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000118023
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; Communicable Diseases and Emerging Infectious Diseases ; Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response Edc, No. 99.3: Guidelines for Sexually Transmitted Infections Surveillance  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
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Publisher: World Health Organization

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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; Communicable Diseases and Emerging Infectious Diseases ; Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response Edc, No. 99.3. Retrieved from http://community.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
1. INTRODUCTION Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major global cause of acute illness, infertility, long-term disability and death, with severe medical and psychological consequences for millions of men, women and infants. The impact of these diseases is magnified by their potential to facilitate the spread of HIV infection. These guidelines for improving surveillance of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are intended to assist in the world-wide effort to prevent them. STI surveillance data should actively be used to improve the quality and effectiveness of STI and HIV prevention programmes and programmes of sexual and reproductive health. STI surveillance is considered by WHO/UNAIDS to be a key component of second-generation HIV/AIDS surveillance systems. This report focuses primarily on those curable conditions and pathogens that are the main focus of STI control programmes: syphilis, chancroid, gonorrhoea, chlamydial infection, trichomoniasis, and the syndromes that they cause. Although viral infections that are often sexually transmitted (including hepatitis viruses, herpes simplex viruses [HSV], and human papillomaviruses [HPV]) are also of major importance, they are not currently a central focus of most STI control programmes, and are mentioned only briefly in this document.

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION………………………………………………….………… 1 2. STI SURVEILLANCE COMPONENTS……………………………..…….. 1 3. CASE REPORTING…………………………………………….….………… 2 3.1 Objectives of case reporting……………………………….………. 2 3.2 Syndromic case reporting………………………………….………. 2 3.3 Etiologic case reporting…………………………………….……… 4 3.4 Reporting perinatally-acquired STIs…………………….….……… 7 3.5 Data elements………………………………………………….…… 8 3.6 Reporting formats………………………………………….….…… 10 3.7 Universal versus sentinel site case reporting………………….…… 10 3.8 Private sector case reporting…………………………………..…… 12 3.9 Data quality………………………………………………..………. 13 3.10 Confidentiality………………………………………….…..……… 13 3.11 Analysis and interpretation of case reports……………………..…. 13 4. PREVALANCE ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING……………..……. 15 4.1 Objectives of prevalence assessment and monitoring………...…… 15 4.2 Assessing prevalence of symptomatic versus asymptomatic STIs 15 4.3 Laboratory requirements…………………………………………… 17 4.4 Selection of populations and frequency…………………..…....….. 18 4.5 Sample size………………………………………………………… 19 4.6 Data elements and reporting formats………………………….…… 19 4.7 Positivity versus prevalence…………………………………...…… 19 4.8 Unlinked versus confidential assessment of STI prevalence, and linkage with HIV seroprevalence surveys…………………..…...… 20 4.9 Analysis and interpretation of prevalence data………………….…. 20 5. ASSESSMENT OF STI SYNDROME ETIOLOGIES…………….….…… 20

 

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