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Speaking Effectively: A Guide for Air Force Speakers

By Dr. John A. Kline

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Book Id: WPLBN0002169964
Format Type: Default
File Size: 14.09 mb
Reproduction Date: 10/10/2012

Title: Speaking Effectively: A Guide for Air Force Speakers  
Author: Dr. John A. Kline
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, Social Sciences, Military
Collections: Favorites in Hong Kong, Sociology, Military Science, Naval Science, Critical Thinking, Science Fiction Collection, Ophthalmology, Logic, Authors Community, Social Sciences, Statistics, Most Popular Books in China, Education, Literature, Finance
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Air University Press
Member Page: Air University Press

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

A. Klin, D. J. (n.d.). Speaking Effectively: A Guide for Air Force Speakers. Retrieved from http://community.ebooklibrary.org/


Table of Contents
DISCLAIMER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii ABOUT THE AUTHOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi 1 PREPARING TO TALK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Types of Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Briefing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Teaching Lecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Speech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Audience Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Audience Attitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Selecting the Subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Narrowing the Subject . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Choosing a Title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 General Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Specific Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Gathering Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Self . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Evaluating Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2 ORGANIZING THE TALK . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Cause/Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Problem/Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Pro/Con . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Topical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Combining Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Now that You Have Organized . . . . . . . . . . 22 3 SUPPORTING THE TALK . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Factors to Consider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Briefing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Teaching Lecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Speech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Logical Thinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Slanted Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Irrational Appeals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Verbal Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Comparisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Testimony . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Humor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Visual Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Using a Chalkboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 After You Have Your Support . . . . . . . . . . . 38 4 BEGINNING AND ENDING THE TALK . . . . . . 41 Briefing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Teaching Lecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Speech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Suggestions for Gaining Attention . . . . . . . 48 Question . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Quotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Joke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Startling Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Gimmick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Common Ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Transitions and Interim Summaries . . . . . . 53 Transitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Interim Summaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 After Preparation, Then What? . . . . . . . . . 54 5 PRESENTING A TALK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Methods of Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Memorizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Manuscript Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Impromptu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Extemporaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Keyword Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Nervousness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Suggestions for Nervous Speakers . . . . . . . 64 Physical Behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Eye Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Body Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Gestures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Use of Voice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Intelligibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Variety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Sincerity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

 

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