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Direct Measurements of Near-highway Emissions in a High Diesel Environment : Volume 14, Issue 19 (30/10/2014)

By Dewitt, H. L.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003985652
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 52
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Direct Measurements of Near-highway Emissions in a High Diesel Environment : Volume 14, Issue 19 (30/10/2014)  
Author: Dewitt, H. L.
Volume: Vol. 14, Issue 19
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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Ravier, S., Jacob, V., Temime-Roussel, B., Marchand, N., Hellebust, S., Besombes, J. L.,...Charron, A. (2014). Direct Measurements of Near-highway Emissions in a High Diesel Environment : Volume 14, Issue 19 (30/10/2014). Retrieved from http://community.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LCE FRE 3416, 13331 Marseille, France. Diesel-powered passenger cars currently outnumber gasoline-powered cars in many countries, particularly in Europe. In France, diesel cars represented 61% of Light Duty Vehicles in 2011 and this percentage is still increasing (French Environment and Energy Management Agency, ADEME). As part of the September~2011 joint PM-DRIVE (Particulate Matter- DiRect and Indirect on-road Vehicular Emissions) and MOCOPO (Measuring and mOdeling traffic COngestion and POllution) field campaign, the concentration and high-resolution chemical composition of aerosols and volatile organic carbon (VOC) species were measured adjacent to a major urban highway south of Grenoble, France. Alongside these atmospheric measurements, detailed traffic data were collected from nearby traffic cameras and loop detectors, which allowed the identification of vehicle type and characteristics, traffic concentration, and traffic speed to be quantified and compared to measured aerosol and VOCs. Six aerosol age and source profiles were resolved using the positive matrix factorization (PMF) model on real-time high-resolution aerosol mass spectra. These six aerosol source/age categories included a hydrocarbon-like organic aerosol (HOA) commonly associated with primary vehicular emissions, a nitrogen containing aerosol (NOA) with a diurnal pattern similar to that of HOA, oxidized organic aerosol (OOA), and biomass burning aerosol (BBOA). While quantitatively separating the influence of diesel vs. gasoline proved impossible, a low HOA : black carbon ratio, similar to that measured in other high-diesel environments, and high levels of NOx, also indicative of diesel emissions, were observed. A comparison between these high-diesel environment measurements and measurements taken in low-diesel (North American) environments was examined and the potential feedback between vehicular emissions and SOA formation was probed. Although the measurement site was located next to a large source of primary emissions, which are typically found to have low oxygen incorporation, OOA was found to comprise the majority of the measured organic aerosol, and the measured OOA contained mainly modern carbon, not fossil-derived carbon. Thus, even in this heavily vehicular-emission impacted environment, photochemical processes, biogenic emissions, and aerosol oxidation dominated the overall organic aerosol mass measured during most of the campaign.

Summary
Direct measurements of near-highway emissions in a high diesel environment

Excerpt
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