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Usefulness of High Resolution Coastal Models for Operational Oil Spill Forecast: the Full City Accident : Volume 8, Issue 3 (22/06/2011)

By Broström, G.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003987182
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 38
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Usefulness of High Resolution Coastal Models for Operational Oil Spill Forecast: the Full City Accident : Volume 8, Issue 3 (22/06/2011)  
Author: Broström, G.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 3
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ocean, Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2011
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Hole, L. R., Mattsson, J., Carrasco, A., Dick, S., Berger, S., Broström, G., & Janssen, F. (2011). Usefulness of High Resolution Coastal Models for Operational Oil Spill Forecast: the Full City Accident : Volume 8, Issue 3 (22/06/2011). Retrieved from http://community.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Norwegian Meteorological Institute (met.no), Norway. Oil spill modeling is considered to be an important decision support system (DeSS) useful for remedial action in case of accidents, as well as for designing the environmental monitoring system that is frequently set up after major accidents. Many accidents take place in coastal areas implying that low resolution basin scale ocean models is of limited use for predicting the trajectories of an oil spill. In this study, we target the oil spill in connection with the Full City accident on the Norwegian south coast and compare three different oil spill models for the area. The result of the analysis is that all models do a satisfactory job. The standard operational model for the area is shown to have severe flaws but including an analysis based on a higher resolution model (1.5 km resolution) for the area the model system show results that compare well with observations. The study also shows that an ensemble using three different models is useful when predicting/analyzing oil spill in coastal areas.

Summary
Usefulness of high resolution coastal models for operational oil spill forecast: the Full City accident

Excerpt
Blumberg, A. F. and Mellor, G. L.: A description of a three-dimensional coastal ocean circulation model, in: Three-Dimensional Coastal Ocean Models, edited by: Heaps, N. S., AGU Coastal and Estuarine Series, American Geophysical Union, Washington D.C., 1987.; Broström, G., Carrasco, A., Hackett, B., and Sætra, Ø.: Using ECMWF products in global marine forecasting services, ECMWF newsletter, 118, 16–20, 2009.; Broström, G., Carrasco, A., Daniel, P., Hackett, B., and Paradis, D.: Comparison of two oil drift models and different ocean forcing: With application to Mediterranean drifter trajectories and North Sea oil spill, in: Coastal to global operational oceanography: Achievements and challanges, edited by: Dahlin H., Bell, M., Flemming, N. C., and Petersson, S., Eurogoos publication no. 28, 5th Eurogoos conferance, Exeter, 260–266, 2010.; Castanedo, S., Medina, R., Losada, I. J., Vidal, C., Méndez, F. J., Osorio, A., Juanes, J. A., and Puente, A.: The Prestige Oil Spill in Cantabria (Bay of Biscay). Part I: Operational Forecasting System for Quick Response, Risk Assessment, and Protection of Natural Resources, J. Coastal Res., 22, 1474–1489, 2006.; Cavaleri, L., Alves, J.-H. G. M., Ardhuin, F., Babanin, A., Banner, M., Belibassakis, K., Benoit, M., Donelan, M., Groeneweg, J., Herbers, T. H. C., Hwang, P., Janssen, P. A. E. M., Janssen, T., Lavrenov, I. V., Magne, R., Monbaliu, J., Onorato, M., Polnikov, V., Resio, D., Rogers, W. E., Sheremet, A., McKee Smith, J., Tolman, H. L., van Vledder, G., Wolf, J., and Young, I.: Wave modelling – The state of the art, Progress in Oceanography, 75, 603–674, 2007.; Dick, S. and Müller-Navarra, S. H.: An Operational Oil Spill Model for the North Sea and the Baltic – Model features and applications, Third RD Forum on High-Density Oil Spill Response, Brest, pp. IMO 61–70, 2002.; Dick, S. and Soetje, K. C.: Ein operationelles Ölausbreitungsmodell für die Deutsche Bucht, Dt. hydrogr. Z., Erg. H. Reihe A 16, 43, 1990.; Dick, S., Kleine, E., and Jansen, F.: A new operational circulation model for the North Sea and the Baltic using a novel vertical co-ordinate – setup and first results, Fifth International Conference on EuroGOOS, edited by: Dahlin H., Bell, M., Flemming, N. C., and Petersson, S., Eurogoos publication, no. 28, Exeter, UK, 225–231, 2010.; Diez, S., Jover, E., Bayona, J. M., and Albaigés, J.: Prestige Oil spill. II. Fate of a heavy oil in the marine environment, Environ. Sci. Technol., 41, 3075–3082, 2007.; Engedahl, H.: Implementation of the Princeton Ocean Model (POM/ECOM3D) at the Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Research Report 5, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway. pp. 40, 1995.; French-McCay, D. P.: Oil spill impact modeling: Development and validation, Environ. Toxicology and Chemistry, 23, 2441–2456, 2004.; Gill, A. E.: Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics, Academic Press, Inc., London, 662 pp., 1982.; Komen, G. J., Cavaleri, L., Donelan, M., Hasselmann, K., Hasselmann, S., and Janssen, P. A. E. M.: Dynamics and modelling of ocean waves, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 532 pp., 1994.; Longuet-Higgins, M. S.: Longshore currents generated by obliquely incident sea waves, 1, J. Geophys. Res., 75, 6778–6789, 1970.; Lorentsen, S.-H., Bakken, V., Christensen-Dalsgaard, S., Follestad, A., Røv, N., and Winnem, A.: Akutt skadeomfang og herkomst for sjøfugl etter MV Full City-forliset., Norsk Institutt for Naturforskning, Trondheim, Norway, 44, 2010.; Martinsen, E. A., Melsom, A., Sveen, V., Grong, E., M. Reistad, Halvorsen, N., Johansen, Ø., and Skognes, K.: The operational oil drift system at DNMI., Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway 125, 52, 1994.; Mellor, G. L. and Yamada, T.: Development of turbulence closure model for geophysical fluid problems, Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 20, 851–875, 1982.; Melsom, A.: A review of the theory of turbulence closure due to Mellor and Yamada, and its implementation in the Princeton Ocean Model. Research Report 38, Norwegia

 

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