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Uncertainties in Future Climate Predictions Due to Convection Parameterisations : Volume 14, Issue 11 (05/06/2014)

By Rybka, H.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003993884
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 16
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Uncertainties in Future Climate Predictions Due to Convection Parameterisations : Volume 14, Issue 11 (05/06/2014)  
Author: Rybka, H.
Volume: Vol. 14, Issue 11
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2014
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Tost, H., & Rybka, H. (2014). Uncertainties in Future Climate Predictions Due to Convection Parameterisations : Volume 14, Issue 11 (05/06/2014). Retrieved from http://community.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Institute for Atmospheric Physics, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany. In the last decades several convection parameterisations have been developed to consider the impact of small-scale unresolved processes in Earth System Models associated with convective clouds. Global model simulations, which have been performed under current climate conditions with different convection schemes, significantly differ among each other in the simulated transport of trace gases and precipitation patterns due to the parameterisation assumptions and formulations, e.g. the computation of convective rainfall rates, calculation of entrainment and detrainment rates etc. Here we address sensitivity studies comparing four different convection schemes under alternative climate conditions (with doubling of the CO2 concentrations) to identify uncertainties related to convective processes. The increase in surface temperature reveals regional differences up to 4 K dependent on the chosen convection parameterisation. These differences are statistically significant almost everywhere in the troposphere of the intertropical convergence zone. The increase in upper tropospheric temperature affects the amount of water vapour transported to the lower stratosphere, leading to enhanced water vapour contents between 40% and 60% at the cold point temperature in the Tropics. Furthermore, the change in transporting short-lived pollutants within the atmosphere is highly ambiguous for the lower and upper troposphere. These results reflect that different approaches to compute mass fluxes, detrainment levels or trigger functions determine the transport of short-lived trace gases from the planetary boundary layer to lower, middle or upper tropospheric levels. Finally, cloud radiative effects have been analysed, uncovering a shift in different cloud types in the Tropics, especially for cirrus and deep convective clouds. These cloud types induce a change in net cloud radiative forcing varying from 0.5 W m−2 to 2.0 W m−2.

Summary
Uncertainties in future climate predictions due to convection parameterisations

Excerpt
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