World Library  

QR link for Estimates of Lightning NoX Production from Gome Satellite Observations : Volume 5, Issue 9 (01/09/2005)
Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Estimates of Lightning NoX Production from Gome Satellite Observations : Volume 5, Issue 9 (01/09/2005)

By Boersma, K. F.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003994230
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 21
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Estimates of Lightning NoX Production from Gome Satellite Observations : Volume 5, Issue 9 (01/09/2005)  
Author: Boersma, K. F.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 9
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Kelder, H. M., Meijer, E. W., Eskes, H. J., & Boersma, K. F. (2005). Estimates of Lightning NoX Production from Gome Satellite Observations : Volume 5, Issue 9 (01/09/2005). Retrieved from

Description: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, The Netherlands. Tropospheric NO2 column retrievals from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) satellite spectrometer are used to quantify the source strength and 3-D distribution of lightning produced nitrogen oxides (NOx=NO+NO2). A sharp increase of NO2 is observed at convective cloud tops with increasing cloud top height, consistent with a power-law behaviour with power 5±2. Convective production of clouds with the same cloud height are found to produce NO2 with a ratio 1.6/1 for continents compared to oceans. This relation between cloud properties and NO2 is used to construct a 10:30 local time global lightning NO2 production map for 1997. An extensive statistical comparison is conducted to investigate the capability of the TM3 chemistry transport model to reproduce observed patterns of lightning NO2 in time and space. This comparison uses the averaging kernel to relate modelled profiles of NO2 to observed NO2 columns. It exploits a masking scheme to minimise the interference of other NOx sources on the observed total columns. Simulations are performed with two lightning parameterizations, one relating convective preciptation (CP scheme) to lightning flash distributions, and the other relating the fifth power of the cloud top height (H5 scheme) to lightning distributions. The satellite-retrieved NO2 fields show significant correlations with the simulated lightning contribution to the NO2 concentrations for both parameterizations. Over tropical continents modelled lightning NO2 shows remarkable quantitative agreement with observations. Over the oceans however, the two model lightning parameterizations overestimate the retrieved NO2 attributed to lightning. Possible explanations for these overestimations are discussed. The ratio between satellite-retrieved NO2 and modelled lightning NO2 is used to rescale the original modelled lightning NOx production. Eight estimates of the lightning NOx production in 1997 are obtained from spatial and temporal correlation methods, from cloud-free and cloud-covered observations, and from two different lightning parameterizations. Accounting for a wide variety of random and possible systematic errors, we estimate the global NOx production from lightning to be in the range 1.1–6.4 Tg N in 1997.

Estimates of lightning NOx production from GOME satellite observations


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Study on Long-term Aerosol Distribution ... (by )
  • Modeling the Possible Role of Iodine Oxi... (by )
  • Hydration of the Lower Stratosphere by I... (by )
  • Estimates of Tropical Bromoform Emission... (by )
  • Twelve Years of Global Observation of Fo... (by )
  • Retrieval of Global Upper Tropospheric a... (by )
  • Measurements in a Highly Polluted Asian ... (by )
  • Biological Aerosol Particle Concentratio... (by )
  • Anthropogenic Co2 Flux Constraints in th... (by )
  • Validation of Sciamachy Top-of-atmospher... (by )
  • Environmental Influences on the Intensit... (by )
  • The Hohenpeissenberg Aerosol Formation E... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.