World Library  

QR link for Evolution of Stratospheric Ozone and Water Vapour Time Series Studied with Satellite Measurements : Volume 9, Issue 16 (20/08/2009)
Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Evolution of Stratospheric Ozone and Water Vapour Time Series Studied with Satellite Measurements : Volume 9, Issue 16 (20/08/2009)

By Jones, A.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003995020
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 21
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Evolution of Stratospheric Ozone and Water Vapour Time Series Studied with Satellite Measurements : Volume 9, Issue 16 (20/08/2009)  
Author: Jones, A.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 16
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2009
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Savigny, C. V., Jones, A., Sonkaew, T., Eriksson, P., Degenstein, D., Burrows, J.,...Bovensmann, H. (2009). Evolution of Stratospheric Ozone and Water Vapour Time Series Studied with Satellite Measurements : Volume 9, Issue 16 (20/08/2009). Retrieved from http://community.ebooklibrary.org/


Description
Description: Department of Radio and Space Science, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden. The long term evolution of stratospheric ozone and water vapour has been investigated by extending satellite time series to April 2008. For ozone, we examine monthly average ozone values from various satellite data sets for nine latitude and altitude bins covering 60° S to 60° N and 20–45 km and covering the time period of 1979–2008. Data are from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE I+II), the HALogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE), the Solar BackscatterUltraViolet-2 (SBUV/2) instrument, the Sub-Millimetre Radiometer (SMR), the Optical Spectrograph InfraRed Imager System (OSIRIS), and the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartograpY (SCIAMACHY). Monthly ozone anomalies are calculated by utilising a linear regression model, which also models the solar, quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO), and seasonal cycle contributions. Individual instrument ozone anomalies are combined producing an all instrument average. Assuming a turning point of 1997 and that the all instrument average is represented by good instrumental long term stability, the largest statistically significant ozone declines (at two sigma) from 1979–1997 are seen at the mid-latitudes between 35 and 45 km, namely −7.2%±0.9%/decade in the Northern Hemisphere and −7.1%±0.9%/in the Southern Hemisphere. Furthermore, for the period 1997 to 2008 we find that the same locations show the largest ozone recovery (+1.4% and +0.8%/decade respectively) compared to other global regions, although the estimated trend model errors indicate that the trend estimates are not significantly different from a zero trend at the 2 sigma level. An all instrument average is also constructed from water vapour anomalies during 1991–2008, using the SAGE II, HALOE, SMR, and the Microwave Limb Sounder (Aura/MLS) measurements. We report that the decrease in water vapour values after 2001 slows down around 2004–2005 in the lower tropical stratosphere (20–25 km) and has even shown signs of increasing until present. We show that a similar correlation is also seen with the temperature measured at 100 hPa during this same period.

Summary
Evolution of stratospheric ozone and water vapour time series studied with satellite measurements

Excerpt
Baldwin, M. P., Gray, L. J., Dunkerton, T. J., Hamilton, K., Haynes, P. H., Randel, W. J., Holton, J. R., Alexander, M. J., Hirota, I., Horinouchi, T., Jones, D. B. A., Kinnersley, J. S., Marquardt, C., Sato, K., and Takahashi, M.: The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation, Rev. Geophys., 39, 179–229, 2001.; Bhartia, P. K.: Total ozone from backscattered ultraviolet measurements, in Observing Systems for Atmospheric Composition, 48–63, Springer Science, New York, 2007.; Bhartia, P. K., Wellemeyer, C., Taylor, S. L., Nath, N., and Gopalan, A.: Solar Backscatter UltraViolet (SBUV) Version 8 profile algorithm, In proceedings of the XX Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, edited by: Zerefos, Z., 295–296, Univ. of Athens, Greece, 2004.; Bhartia, P. K., McPeters, R. D., Mateer, C. L., Flynn, L. E., and Wellemeyer, C.: Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscatterd ultraviolet technique, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 18793–18806, 1996.; Bovensmann, H., Burrows, J. P., Buchwitz, M., Frerick, J., No\el, S., Rozanov, V. V., Chance, K. V., and Goede, A. H. P.: SCIAMACHY – Mission objectives and measurement modes, J. Atmos. Sci., 56(2), 127–150, 1999.; Brasseur, G, and Solomon, S.: Aeronomy of the middle Atmosphere, Springer, New York, 2002.; Brohede, S., Jones, A., and Jegou F.: Internal consistency in the Odin stratospheric ozone products, Can. J. Phys., 85(11), 1275–1285, 2007.; Borchi, F. and Pommereau, J.-P.: Evaluation of ozonesondes, HALOE, SAGE II and III, Odin- OSIRIS and -SMR, and ENVISAT-GOMOS, -SCIAMACHY and -MIPAS ozone profiles in the tropics from SAOZ long duration balloon measurements in 2003 and 2004, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 2671–2690, 2007.; Brinksma, E. J., Bracher, A., Lolkema, D. E., Segers, A. J., Boyd, I. S., Bramstedt, K., Claude, H., Godin-Beekmann, S., Hansen, G., Kopp, G., Leblanc, T., McDermid, I. S., Meijer, Y. J., Nakane, H., Parrish, A., von Savigny, C., Stebel, K., Swart, D. P. J., Taha, G., and Piters, A. J. M.: Geophysical validation of SCIAMACHY Limb Ozone Profiles, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 197–209, 2006.; Chiou, E.-W., Thomason, L. W., Burton, S. P., and Michelsen, H. A.: Assessment of the SAGE II version 6.2 water vapor data set through intercomparison with ATMOS/ATLAS-3 measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L14101, doi:10.1029/2004GL020071, 2004.; Chu W. P. and McCormick M. P.: SAGE II Inversion Algorithm, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 8339–8351, 1989.; Cunnold, D. M., Chu, W. P., Barnes, R. A., McCormick, M. P., and Veiga, R. E.: Validation of SAGE II ozone measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 8447–8460, 1989.; Cunnold, D. M., Yang, E. S., Newchurch, M. J., Reinsel, G. C., Zawodny, J. M., and Russell III, J. M.: Comment on Enhanced upper stratospheric ozone: Sign of recovery or solar cycle effect?, by Steinbrecht et al., J. Geophys. Res., 109, D14305, doi:10.1029/2004JD004826, 2004.; Dhomse, S., Weber, M., and Burrows, J.: The relationship between tropospheric wave forcing and tropical lower stratospheric water vapor, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 471–480, 2008.; Dvortsov, V. L. and Solomon, S.: Response of the stratospheric temperatures and ozone to past and future increases in stratospheric humidity, J. Geophys. Res., 106(D7), 7505–7514, 2001; Frisk, U., Hagstrom, M., Ala-Laurinaho, J., Andersson, S., Berges, J. C., Chabaud, J. P., Dahlgren, M., Emrich, A., Floren, H. G., Florin, G., Fredrixon, M., Gaier, T., Haas, R., Hirvonen, T., Hjalmarsson, A., Jakobsson, B., Jukkala, P., Kildal, P. S.,Kollberg, E., Lassing, J., Lecacheux, A., Lehikoinen, P., Lehto, A., Mallat, J., Marty, C., Michet, D., Narbonne, J., Nexon, M., Olberg, M., Olofsson, A. O. H., Olofsson, G., Origne, A., Petersson, M., Piironen, P., Pons, R., Pouliquen, D., Ristorcelli, I., Rosolen, C., Rouaix, G., Raisanen, A. V., Serra, G., Sjoberg, F., Stenmark, L., Torchinsky, S., Tuovinen, J., Ullberg, C., Vinterhav, E., Wadefalk, N., Zirath, H., Zimmermann, P., and Zimmermann, R.: The Odin Satellite: I. Radiometer Design and Test, Astron. Astrophys.

 

Click To View

Additional Books


  • On the Abundance and Source Contribution... (by )
  • The Importance of Vertical Velocity Vari... (by )
  • On the Use of Satellite Derived Ch4 / Co... (by )
  • Microphysical Properties of Synoptic-sca... (by )
  • First Carbon Dioxide Atmospheric Vertica... (by )
  • The Challenge to NoX Emission Control fo... (by )
  • Transport Mechanisms for Synoptic, Seaso... (by )
  • Size Distributions, Sources and Source A... (by )
  • Aging of Secondary Organic Aerosol Gener... (by )
  • Cloud Condensation Nuclei Activity at Je... (by )
  • Inverse Modeling of Cloud-aerosol Intera... (by )
  • An Annual Cycle of Long Lived Stratosphe... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.